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Biodiversity

Biodiversity is about the variety and variability of life on earth. We all contribute in one way or the other to biodiversity. At the University of Sunderland, we try and encourage biodiversity in many ways.

What we do

The University actively plants native species, including Hawthorn, Mahonia and Holly; hardy plants that are non-invasive and chosen specifically to provide shelter and food for wildlife and support pollinators. Where possible, single flowered species are planted as they provide more nectar and pollen than double flowers. No insecticide is used on any of the University landscaped areas as this would kill all beneficial insects, rather herbicides are minimally used to control perennial weeds in shrub beds. Recycled mulch products are used to suppress weed growth and retain moisture.

As the grass is cut very frequently it is unnecessary to remove most of the risings off-site. Benefits of risings left on site are they return valuable nitrogen and trace nutrients back to the soil and help form humus to loosen hard soils, making oxygen and nutrients available to grassroots and helping to retain moisture. All green waste generated is locally recycled and brought back to the University grounds for use, therefore closing the loop on this waste. Benefits of recycling all green waste include energy conservation, reduction of air and water pollution, reduction of greenhouse gases and conservation of natural resources.

Bird boxes

As part of our environmental sustainability agenda, we collaborate with the National Trust who facilitated the assembly of small boxes for use on our campus.

This provided an opportunity for our staff to do something different for an hour in an informal, relaxing environment, with no previous experience of DIY required. This type of activity is linked to improved mental wellbeing through learning, creating something and feeling part of our campus community. 

The boxes (29 in total), which were sited around the campus, are aimed at targeting the following species:

House Sparrow, Tree Sparrow, Great Tit, Blue Tit, Rob Pied Wagtail

Blue tit


All boxes were installed during February 2017, which gave the birds time to 'find' them before the breeding season (peak times April – June). During this time, boxes were monitored by the National Trust staff and volunteers for signs of breeding activity, including nest building, incubation and subsequent hatching.

Once the chicks were large enough to handle they were removed from the nest by expertly trained ringers, before having a unique numbered ring fitted to one leg and then replaced back in the nest ready for fledging. These activities are in no way detrimental to the bird’s health and welfare.

Records were sent to the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) for inclusion on their national database. In all, there were 6 nests with lots of eggs in each one.

For more information email hse@sunderland.ac.uk or view useful links.